Volume 13 Issue 1&2 2024 (Published Mar 27, 2024)

Download volume

The Value of Admission Glycated Hemoglobin and Associated Factors in Non-Diabetic Patients with Heart Failure in Aden

Mohaned G. Al-Khamri, Omer A. Baselm

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47372/yjmhr.2024(13).1.2


Introduction: Heart failure (HF) is a multifactorial disorder characterized by impaired cardiac function, systemic inflammation and neurohormonal activation. It is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and has significant impacts on the quality of life, cost and longevity. This study was conducted to investigate the value of admission glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and associated factors among non-diabetic patients with heart failure.

Methods: This is a descriptive prospective-hospital based study included 42 non-diabetic patients with HF on first occasion for admission at three major Aden hospitals for the period (January1st–December 31st, 2021). After thorough clinical history and examination, patients were investigated for random blood sugar, lipid profile, Pro Brain Natriuretic Peptide (Pro-BNP), HbA1c and followed till hospital discharge.

Results: HF in non-diabetic patients predominates in males (81.0%) with a mean age of 56.0 ±11.5 years. The main associated factors were arterial hypertension (47.6%), coronary artery disease (9.5%), Khat chewing (57.1%), smoking (31.0%), obesity (28.6%), and family history of HF (21.4%). patients presented with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III (47.6%) and low ejection fraction of ≤40.0% (76.2%). The median Pro-BNP was 2166.0 pg/mL, the mean admission HbA1c was 5.8% and the case fatality rate was 4.8%. The mean body mass index (BMI) was increasing with increasing level of admission HbA1c. HbA1c of 6.0-6.4% was associated with mortality cases and had significant positive association with BMI and significant negative association with total cholesterol.

Conclusion: The admission HbA1c of 6.0-6.4% was associated with HF hospitalization and mortality in non-diabetic patients. This association is independent of age, gender, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, glycemia, and clinical outcome suggesting direct effects of BMI on the development of high HbA1c level in non-diabetic patients with HF.

Keywords: Heart failure, Diabetes Mellitus, Pro-BNP, HbA1c, Aden