Volume 13 Issue 1&2 2024 (Published Mar 27, 2024)

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Serum Biochemical Evaluation of Patients with Chronic Renal Failure on Hemodialysis

Muna A. Alwan, Saied M. Ismaiel

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47372/yjmhr.2024(13).1.3


Introduction: Chronic renal failure (CRF) is associated with aberrations in the metabolism of minerals, such as calcium, phosphates, sodium, and potassium and other biochemical parameters. Various studies have identified parathyroid hormone (PTH) as the main regulator of minerals and biochemical parameters homeostasis. This study was conducted to evaluate the biochemical profile in CRF patients on hemodialysis in Aden.

Methods: This study is a descriptive, cross sectional study, conducted in Aden Hemodialysis Center for the period Jan.1st to June 30th, 2022. Included 82 patients with CRF on HD. The data collected included demographic with clinical data, and blood samples taken for complete blood count and serum creatinine; urea; sodium; potassium; total calcium, ionized calcium; phosphate; alkaline phosphatase, and parathyroid hormone.

Results: More male were found than female patients with CRF (67.1% vs. 32.9% respectively), with a mean age of 48.8 ± 12.6 years. The mean body mass index was (23.3 ± 4.7 kg/m2) and the mean duration of CRF was (4.8 ± 2.9 years). For renal function, the mean serum creatinine, urea, and estimated creatinine clearance were (9.9 mg/dl, 128.6 mg/dl, and 7.1 mL/min per 1.73 m2 respectively). For minerals, the mean serum sodium, potassium, chloride, phosphorus, calcium and ionized calcium were (134.4 mmol/L, 5.04 mmol/L, 104.1 mmol/L, 4.37 mg/dl, 9.4 mg/dl, and 1.12 mmol/L, respectively). The mean Calcium x Phosphorus product was in the recommended range (40.7mg2/dl2). The mean alkaline phosphatase was (286.2 U/L), and the mean parathyroid hormone was (322.7 pg/ml). Secondary hyperparathyroidism (PTH level of ≥130 pg/ml) was detected in (58.5%) of them. Parathormone concentration showed significant positive correlation to alkaline phosphatase (r: 0.640, p:0.001) in patients with CRF on hemodialysis.

Conclusion: This study concluded that in patients with CRF on HD, there is an increase level of alkaline phosphatase which is considered as an adjunct marker of high-turnover bone disease associated with disturbed level of calcium and phosphorus that increase serum PTH level.

Keywords: Chronic renal failure, Biochemical, Parathyroid hormone, Alkaline phosphatase, Correlation, Aden