Self-Concept of University of Aden Students with Refractive Error Visiting Eye Clinic
Introduction: This study aimed to investigate the level of self-concept among university students who suffer from refractive errors in Aden, and to explore the differences in the level of self-concept by different set of variables.
Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted using personal interview questionnaire with college students within the period August to December 2018. The total number of the participants was 110 (70 wearing glasses and 40 with no history of wearing glasses). The questionnaire consisted of 39 items distributed on six domains: family self-concept, social self-concept, physical self-concept, affect self-concept, academic self-concept and competence self-concept. Data were analyzed by SPSS and (ANOVA). The level of significance was considered at α = 0.05.
Results: Out of 110 participants, 70 (42 males and 28 females) have refractive errors; myopia (22), hypermetropia (2) and astigmatism (46). Out of the total 70, mild degree of refractive errors was 81.4%. There was no statistically significant differences in self-concept between the participants with and without refractive errors and no statistically significant differences between males and females on the scale of general self-concept among those suffering from refractive errors. On the other hand, there were statistically significant differences in the level of self-concept attributed to the academic achievement level and the duration of wearing glasses.
Conclusion: Visual impairment due to refractive errors does not affect self-concept among university students.
Keywords: Refractive Errors, Wearing Glasses, Self-Esteem, College Students.