Immune Thrombocytopenia Secondary to Pleural Tuberculosis: A Case Report
Immune thrombocytopenia associated with tuberculosis is a rare clinical entity. We report immune thrombocytopenia associated with pleural tuberculosis in a 22-year-old Ethiopian previously healthy man who presented to the emergency department with one-month history of fever, night sweats and productive cough. Chest x-ray showed right pleural effusion and pleural biopsy was performed. During his stay in the hospital, his platelets count dropped persistently until reach 16000/µL. pleural biopsy results were consistent with pleural tuberculosis. The patient was diagnosed with pleural tuberculosis associated with immune thrombocytopenia. The patient received antituberculosis treatment, immunoglobulins, and steroid. After completion of antituberculosis treatment, the patient was seen in the clinic he was doing well, and his platelets count was 276000/µL.
Keywords: Immune Thrombocytopenia, Pleural Tuberculosis, Intravenous Immunoglobulin