Volume 13 Issue 1&2 2024 (Published Mar 27, 2024)

Download volume

Association between ABO-Rh Blood Groups and Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus in Aden, Yemen, 2022

Halah N. Hazaea, Hanan H. Omer

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47372/yjmhr.2024(13).2.2


Introduction: Ongoing research is examining the possible role of blood groups in the etiopathogenesis of various medical conditions including type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The purpose of this research is to identify association of ABO and Rh blood group in patients with T2DM in the Diabetic Center Aden, Yemen, 2022.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the National Blood Transfusion and Research Center (N.B.T.R.C), Aden between May- September 2022. A total of 226 blood samples were collected from type -2 diabetic patients aged ≥ 18 years in the Diabetic Center, Aden, Yemen.

Results: There most common blood group was blood group O (+) followed by A (+) and the least common was blood group AB(-). No association was found between ABO and Rh blood group with either the sex or family history in type-2 diabetic Patients. The most frequent complication observed in the different groups is the neuropathy complications (46.8%) followed by retinopathy complications (40.7%) and finally nephropathy complications (12.5%).

Conclusion: No significant association in T2DM patients between ABO – Rh with sex or family history and the most frequent microvascular complication is neuropathy.

Keywords: Blood groups ABO-RH, Diabetes Mellitus, Association.